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Finlandiya

İsveç beklerken Finlandiya tarihi bir değişimle NATO'ya katılmaya hazırlanıyor

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Finland became a member of NATO on Tuesday (4 April), completing a historic security policy shift triggered by Russia’s invasion of Ukraine, while neighbour Sweden is kept in the waiting room.

Askeri ittifak, Finlandiya'yı 31. üyesi olarak Brüksel'in eteklerindeki NATO karargahında Finlandiya Devlet Başkanı Sauli Niinisto ve hükümet bakanlarının katılacağı bir bayrak çekme töreninde karşılayacak.

“It will be a good day for Finland’s security, for Nordic security and for NATO as a whole,” NATO Secretary-General Jens Stoltenberg told reporters on Monday.

Olay, Finlandiya'nın İkinci Dünya Savaşı sırasında Sovyetler Birliği'nin işgal girişimini püskürtmesi ve komşu Rusya ile dostane ilişkiler sürdürmeye karar vermesinin ardından başlayan askeri uyumsuzluk döneminin sonunu işaret ediyor.

But Russia’s recent invasion of another neighbour, Ukraine, which began in February 2022, prompted Finns to seek security under the umbrella of NATO’s collective defence pact, which states that an attack on one member is an attack on all.

Sweden underwent a similar transformation in defence thinking and Stockholm and Helsinki applied together last year to join NATO. But Sweden’s application has been held up by NATO members Turkey and Hungary.

After both those countries approved Finland’s application last week, the final formal step on Helsinki’s journey will come when Foreign Minister Pekka Haavisto hands his nation’s accession document to U.S. government officials in Brussels.

reklâm

Finland’s flag will then be raised outside NATO headquarters alongside those of the alliance’s 30 other member countries before a gathering of NATO foreign ministers.

RUSYA SINIRI

Finland’s accession roughly doubles the length of the border that NATO shares with Russia. Moscow şuraya Pazartesi günü Finlandiya'nın NATO'ya katılmasına yanıt olarak batı ve kuzeybatı bölgelerindeki askeri kapasitesini güçlendirecek.

Finlandiya ittifaka resmi olarak katılmadan önce bile, silahlı kuvvetleri NATO ve üyelerine yaklaşıyordu.

NATO’s surveillance flights by the U.S. and other allied air forces have already began to circulate in Finnish airspace, the Finnish defence forces said.

24 Mart'ta İsveç, Norveç, Finlandiya ve Danimarka'dan hava kuvvetleri komutanları şuraya Rusya'dan gelen artan tehdide karşı koymayı amaçlayan birleşik bir İskandinav hava savunması oluşturmak için bir niyet mektubu imzaladılar.

“We would like to see if we can integrate our airspace surveillance more, so we can use radar data from each other’s surveillance systems and use them collectively,” Major General Jan Dam, commander of the Danish air force, said.

Pazartesi günü Helsinki şehir merkezinde bahar güneşinin tadını çıkaran Finliler, bazılarının çekinceleri olsa da NATO üyelik sürecinin yakında tamamlanacak olmasından memnun olduklarını söylediler.

“I feel maybe a little conflicted about joining NATO because I’m not the biggest fan of NATO but at the same time even less a fan of Russia,” said Henri Laukkanen, a 28-year-old financial assistant.

Finland and Sweden had said they wanted to join NATO “hand in hand” to maximise their mutual security but that plan fell apart as Turkey refused to move ahead with Stockholm’s bid.

Turkey says Stockholm harbours members of what Ankara considers terrorist groups – a charge Sweden denies – and has demanded their extradition as a step toward ratifying Swedish membership.

Hungary is also holding up Sweden’s admission, citing grievances over criticism of Prime Minister Viktor Orban’s democratic record.

But NATO diplomats say they expect Budapest to approve Sweden’s bid if it sees Turkey moving to do so. They hope Turkey will move after presidential and parliamentary elections in May.

Stoltenberg said he was “absolutely confident” that Sweden will become a NATO member.

“It’s a priority for NATO, for me, to ensure that happens as soon as possible,” he said.

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